Indigenization and empowerment activities in Zimbabwe. A critical examination of the challenges and successes in the inclusion of visually impaired people in Zimbabwean economic activities.

Barbara Z Podzo


For time immemorial people with disabilities and those with visual impairments in particular have been marginalized in many aspects of life. Despite many conventions on human rights people with visual impairments are still excluded from participation in economic development activities. This is in particular to Zimbabwe when indigenization and empowerment (hupfumi kuvanhu) is the talk of the day. It is against this background that the researcher was compelled to critically examine the people with visual impairments to participate in economic development activities. The study was carried out in Masvingo Province. Using questionnaires data was collected from two university academic registrars, three teachers’ college principals, six university lecturers, six teachers’ colleges lecturers, five high school heads, five primary school heads, five high school teachers, five primary school teachers, five high school students and five
primary school learners. The study revealed that the Zimbabwean education system lacked the capacity to fully equip people with visual impairments with transitional skills. It was established that there was lack of specialist manpower, material resources like assistive devices, restricted social and physical  nvironment, lack of specific and mandatory legislation to mention some.
Recommendations were made. The conclusion summarized the findings of the study. 


visually impaired, vocational skills, empowerment and inclusive

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.