Exploring the Determinants of Maternal Mortality Dynamics in Zimbabwe

Miriam Chitura, Offat Itai Manyanhaire

Abstract


Improving maternal health is one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted by the international
community with the view to reduce maternal mortality by the year 2015. The study was based on review of
secondary data sources extracted from census reports, research papers, demographic health survey reports and
expertise in maternal health issues. In recent years, Zimbabwe has experienced an upsurge in maternal mortality
associated with perceived shifts in the social conditions and deterioration in pre-natal and post-natal care. The
main reasons for this have to do with infection, HIV and AIDS, abortion, high blood pressure, obstructed labour,
unsafe abortion, the place of delivery and visits to antenatal clinics. This trend reflects inequities in access to
health services and the widening gap between rural and urban sectors of the country. Thus, authorities must
review current maternal health practices and policies.

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