Analysing the socio-economic and cultural disparities across the African continent and challenges of eliminating development inequalities in the Africa Agenda phase 2030

Godfrey Chikowore, John Davison Gondwe Nhavira, John Max Chinyanganya, Manasa Sibanda, Patience Chikowore


An analysis of socio-economic circumstances on the African continent depicts pronounced disparities in development, especially when comparing with other geographical regions and nations. Overarching reasons for these disparities date back historically from the colonial phase. Paradoxically, the discrepancies also start from a systematic abusive exploitation of the value amassed during the colonial phase, where all industries were pulled down through a pronounced culture of mismanagement and unbridled corruption by stewards in the postcolonial period. Nevertheless, in the new millennium, development co-operation programmes such as the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, Africa Agenda 2063 and others play a key role in reversing the worsening of socioeconomic and cultural disposition across the continent, through receptiveness and reciprocation by African governments. As such, this contribution seeks to analyse socio-economic and cultural development disparities in Africa and recommend alternatives on the reversal of the setbacks. Among many, the work is informed by contributions made by Heywood (2011), Nafziger (2006) and lliffe (1999). Some of the key issues discussed are: Essence of the Africa Agenda 2063 and transformation prospects and factors influencing regional disparities. Novelism in this contribution constitutes the proposed transformative model based on complementary principles of the developed and underdeveloped nations. Finally, the paper recommends that nations systematically prop one another for transformation on the principle of complementarity with nations and regions in step with the global trends, otherwise nations risk marginalisation.


Transformation, Model, alternatives and strategies, Africa Agenda 2063, dispensational rigidities

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