Optimising Open Distance Learning (ODL) benefits in peace building and conflict resolution

Edith Karimanzira, Tichaona Mapolisa

Abstract


Peace-building and conflict resolution are the most sought desires by any development oriented society. It is common knowledge that development brings about peace. It is through education that communities accomplish peace. Six participants were selected using expert sampling from two criterion-sampled universities in Zimbabwe. In-depth interview method was used to generate data. The study found that increasing access to ODL African citizens of diverse backgrounds, cultures and classes is one of the crucial means of optimising ODL benefits in peace building and conflict resolution in Africa. It also established that ODL keeps Africans actively engaged in the learning as they learn to put theory into practice in their bid to solve problems that cause conflict. The study concluded that optimisation of ODL benefits in peace-building and conflict resolution in Africa is neither context nor culture-bound. It also deduced that conflict situations can be avoided if optimisation of ODL benefits in peace building and conflict resolution in Africa. The study’s first recommendation was that ODL institutions need to accommodate diverse stakeholder satisfaction in order to buttress optimisation of ODL benefits in peace building and conflict resolution in Africa. Second, proper exposure, promotion and recognition of ODL Peace, Leadership and Conflict Resolution products by the state and its arms (parliament, civil service and the judiciary), and other organizations are key pillars necessary for the optimisation of ODL benefits in peace building and conflict resolution in Africa. Third, in recent future, similar studies need to be conducted using comparative case studies as a pre-condition to surveys.


Keywords


peace-building, violence, ignorance, ODL, optimisation of ODL benefits

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