Problems facing post-colonial Zimbabwe in its quest to achieve globalisation from below: Bachelor of Science in Development Studies’ perceptions

Edith Karimanzira

Abstract


Post-colonial Zimbabwe has been experiencing serious problems in line with globalisation in spite of the fact that globalisation was claimed to be a panacae to problems in post-colonial states, especially those of African origin. The study set out to assess problems facing post colonial Zimbabwe in its quest to achieve globalisation from below from the perspectives of the Zimbabwe Open University’s Mashonaland Central Regional Campus’ Bachelor of Science in Development Studies’ perceptions. It was a qualitative study that used an analytical case study method to conduct the investigation. Sixty Bachelor of Science in Development Studies were selected using available sampling technique. Informal Focus Group Discussions were used to generate data and the Focus Group Discussions were coded FGD1-FGD10. Each group had six participants. Findings were analysed using content analysis. The study established how the impact of cold war/polarised world, perpetuation of colonialism, financial bullies, abject poverty, loss of identity, endangered technology and production patterns, suffocation of domestic markets are among some of the problems that post-colonial states like Zimbabwe face in their bid to achieve globalisation from below. The study also revealed strategies such as capacity building of post-colonial state governments, cancellation of debt repayments by post-colonial states, curbing cyber crime, use of homegrown solutions to eradicate poverty, and post-colonial states to practise corporate governance, just to name a few key measures to alleviate some of the problems that post-colonial states like Zimbabwe face in their bid to achieve globalisation from below. The study concluded that Zimbabwe herself must move away from dependency syndrome by committing resources and energies to harnessing the capacity of the poor Zimbabweans for their development. It is hoped that the global actors will realise that it is not beneficial to them or to anyone else to play globalisation-game without the poor. For globalisation to ultimately be beneficial to everyone-the rich and the poor-all must have certain levels of capacity that permit them to effectively participate in the game.  Most African States including Zimbabwe are not prepared, especially in terms of having the requisite capacity. The study proposed that the need for post-colonial Zimbabwe to employ a clear separation of powers between Parliament, the Judiciary and the Executive for the purposes of achieving accountability, transparency, checks and balances, effective policy analysis, and democracy; the hall marks upon which globalisation could be achieved from below. The study is not a dead end in itself for it leaves room for other researchers to explore frontiers of knowledge that have remained untouched by it.

Keywords


Problems, post-colonial states, globalisation, Development Studies, Development Studies Students’ perceptions

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