Financing A Sustainable Quality Assurance Model For National Development Through Open And Distance Learning In Higher Education: The Zimbabwean Experience

Primrose Kurasha, Gwarinda Takawira

Abstract


The financing of public or state universities has been problematic since the rise of neo-liberalism in the late 1970s as some developed countries began to scale down expenditure for social services as a new drive in their social policies. They chose to advance the ideology of maximising profits for private business by advocating the withdrawal of the state from social policy and the economic sector, giving free reign to private capital. The main trigger for this was the oil crisis of 1973-4 when Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) took measures to receive more just returns on their resource. In Africa, neo-liberal ideology was driven by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund which gave various conditionalities for state loans and what has often been called development aid.

Keywords


Quality Assurance

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References


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